Turkey: parliamentary-presidential republic
Capital: Ankara
The largest cities are Istanbul, Ankara, Izmir, Konya, Bursa, Adana, Antalya
Official language: Turkish
President: Recep Tayyip Erdoğan
Area: 783,562 km2 (36th in the world)
Geographical position. Turkey is one of the few countries in the world whose territory is located in two parts of the world: in Europe and in Asia, with the European part accounting for only about 3% of the total area of the country.
Often, Turkey is called the country of four seas, the coastline stretches to the Mediterranean, Aegean, Black and Marmara seas. On land Turkey borders on eight states: in the north - with Bulgaria and Georgia, in the east - with Armenia, Azerbaijan and Iran, in the south - with Iraq and Syria, in the west - with Greece.
The real pride of Turkey is the mountains, they are taking a large part of this country. The mountainous terrain of Turkey is heterogeneous and contrasting, which creates a difference in climate and the environment.
Turkey has many types of ore, mining, chemical and fuel-energy raw materials. Besides large deposits of chrome, tungsten and copper ores, marble and hard coal, Turkey is famous for its share of about 25% of the world's mercury stock.
Climate. The climate in different regions of Turkey is quite noticeable. Turkey is located on the border of two climatic zones: the central part of the country is dominated by a continental climate with a very hot summer and cold snowy winter, and the Mediterranean, Aegean and Marmara seas have a subtropical climate with dry hot summers and warm rainy winters.
Population. At the moment, the population of Turkey is about 78 million people. The main population of the Turkish Republic is the Turks, but overall country can be considered multinational because it has more than 25 nationalities: Kurds, Arabs, Armenians, Greeks, Georgians, Lasers, Turkmens, Abkhazians and others.
The most densely populated cities of Turkey are Istanbul, Ankara and Izmir; Also, high population density is observed in the coastal regions of the country.
Money. The national currency of Turkey is the Turkish lira (TRY), in 1 lira: 100 kurushas.
In the resort areas of the country, dollars and euros are also accepted with pleasure, but it is important to take into account that the price in foreign currency is sometimes less profitable for a foreign buyer than in Turkish lira. Currency can be exchanged in banks, exchange offices and hotels.
In recent years, payment for a bank card has spread widely in Turkey, almost in all places you can pay with a credit card: a hotel room, lunch at a restaurant, shopping at a store, etc. The most popular in Turkey are Visa cards, MasterCard is less popular. If necessary, there is always an opportunity to withdraw Turkish money from the card, ATMs are everywhere, especially in the resort area.
Religion. The legislation of Turkey ensures freedom of religion. The majority of the citizens is Islam. Also in Turkey, there are 36 Jewish synagogues and 321 communities of various Christian faiths, among whom there are Orthodox Christians.
Official Holidays:
January 1 - New Year (Yılbaşı)
April 23 - National Independence Day and Children's Day (Ulusal Egemenlik ve Çocuk bayramı)
May 1 - Day of Labor and Solidarity (Emek ve Dayanışma Günü)
May 19 - Day of Youth and Sports (Gençlik ve Spor Bayramı)
June 25, 2017 - Feast of breaking up (Ramazan Bayramı or Şeker Bayramı)
August 30 - Victory Day (Zafer Bayramı)
September 1, 2017 - The Feast of Sacrifice (Kurban Bayramı)
October 29 - Day of the Republic (Cumhuriyet Bayramı)
All times are GMT +2
Phone code: +90
Traffic: right-sided. Road signs basically correspond to international ones.
Voltage in the mains: 230V / 50Hz, outlet types: C and F